Hanuman Jayanti - a spiritual celebration
1.1 Tithi (Date according to the Hindu lunar calendar)
According to some almanacs the tithi of Deity Hanumān's birth (Deity Hanuman Jayantī) is Ashwin Vadya Chaturdashī while others quote it to be on Chaitra Pourṇimā.
1.2 How is Hanuman (Māruti) Jayantī celebrated?
On this day, devotional discourses (kīrtan) are held in the temple of Deity Hanuman (Maruti) before sunrise. The kirtan is concluded at sunrise when Deity Hanuman is born. Thereafter the idol of Deity Hanuman is ritualistically worshipped and a Holy sacrament of sweets prepared from dry ginger (sunthwada) is distributed.
1.3 The importance of chanting Deity Hanuman's name on Hanuman Jayantī
On the tithi of Hanuman Jayanti, the Principle of Deity Hanuman (Maruti) is 1000 times more active on Earth. Thus we benefit more by chanting 'Shrī Hanumate Namaha' as much as possible.
2. Ritualistic worship (pūjā)
2.1 Ritualistic worship of Deity Hanuman (Maruti)
There is a specific science to the ritualistic worship of each Deity. This means that, actions done in a particular way during the ritualistic worship, have a specific underlying science. Just by following these actions, we can get maximum benefit of that Deity's Principle. The following chart contains the Divine knowledge* received by the seekers of FHA regarding exactly how some routine actions should be performed during the ritualistic worship of Deity Hanuman (Maruti).
Knowledge received about the ritual
|1. Applying sindoor||
How should a worshipper apply sindoor before starting the ritualistic worship of Maruti?
Sindoor should be applied with the ring finger.
|2. Offering flowers||
Which flowers should be offered?
Flowers and leaves of calotropis (ruee)
|3. Waving incense sticks||
Incense sticks of which fragrances should be used?
Kewda, Chameli (Jasmine) and Ambar
How many circumambulations should be performed around Maruti?
Minimum five but if a worshipper wants to perform more, then they should be in multiples of five.
2.2 Prevalent ritualistic worship
In Maharashtra, Saturday is considered to be the day of Maruti while in rest of India (Bhaarat) both Tuesday and Saturday are considered to be His days. There is a custom of offering sindoor and oil to Maruti on these days. Breaking a coconut in front of Maruti also appears to be an age old custom. For spiritual progress, Maruti with His face to the left (Vaammukhi Maruti) or Maruti with an attitude of service (Daas Maruti) is worshipped.
3. Questions and answers related to Deity Hanuman's worship (Based on Divine knowledge)*
3.1 Why should oil, sindoor and leaves of calotropis (ruee) be offered to Deity Hanuman?
When a particular thing is offered to a Deity, it is generally explained in simple terms, that the Deity likes it. For example, Shrī Gaṇēsh likes hibiscus flowers (Jaaswanti), Deity Shankar likes Bel while Deity Vishṇu likes tulsī. A story is then told to further elaborate this point. However, the superior Deities like Shankar, Vishnu and Shri Ganesh do not have any likes or dislikes. The reason underlying offering a specific thing to a specific Deity is described here. One of the objectives of ritualistic worship is creating Divine consciousness (Chaitanya) in the Idol we are worshipping. This helps us progress in our spiritual practice. The object which has the maximum capacity of creating Divine consciousness is offered to the Idol; hence Maruti is offered oil, sindoor and leaves of calotropis.
3.2 Why and how should a coconut be offered to Deity Hanuman?
A coconut can attract or emit both positive and negative frequencies. Before offering a coconut to Maruti, the tuft of the coconut should be directed towards the Idol of Maruti and a prayer should be offered to Him, asking Him to let His spiritually pure (sāttvik) frequencies enter the coconut. Thereafter the coconut should be broken and half of it should be offered to the Deity of the place and the other half should be kept by us. Thus, through the medium of the Deity of the place, the distressing energies and inferior ghosts get their part and become happy. When we consume the remaining half of the coconut, we are benefited by the sattvik frequencies of Maruti. Some devotes offer the entire coconut to the Deity. Such an offering rarely helps them to develop an emotion of sacrifice and they do not get any spiritual benefit from this ritual. Therefore we should not offer the entire coconut but break it into two halves, with one half offered to the temple and the other half to be kept by us. This way we would get the maximum benefit of the Principle of a Deity.
3.3 Saade-saati of Saturn (Shani) and the ritualistic worship of Deity Hanuman
While enduring a Saade-saati of Saturn, Maruti is worshiped to reduce the distress caused by Saturn.
The ritual is as follows:
Oil is taken in a bowl and 14 black urad grains are put in it. Thereafter one sees the reflection of his face in the oil. The oil is then offered to Māruti. The method of worship remains the same even when a person is sick and cannot visit a temple. The reflection of negative energy also takes place along with the reflection of ones face. When such oil is offered to Maruti, the negative energy therein gets destroyed.
A true oil-merchant does not sell oil on Saturday because the negative energy causing distress to a person, who is going to offer the oil to Maruti, is likely to attack the oil merchant. Therefore one should not buy oil from the vendors sitting outside the Maruti temple but should bring it from his own house instead.
3.4 Why one should not shave on Saturday?
In olden days, keeping a beard and matted hair was considered to be a symbol of the conduct of Sages (Rishidharma), that is, celibacy. Saturday is the day of Maruti who is an observer of the vow of celibacy of Deity Shiva. There is a predominance of the Maruti Principle frequencies in the Universe on Saturdays. Therefore in order to respect this Principle and to remind oneself of Rishidharma, that is 'I have to win over carnal desires in spite of being in family life,' one should not shave on Saturday. All these rules come under ritualistic worship done through the medium of the body.
3.5 Why a sitting idol of Maruti should not be kept on the altar?
Whenever possible, a seated idol which represents the unmanifest (Nirguṇ) destroyer (mārak) form of Maruti, is not kept on the altar because of the need for the manifest destroyer Principle of Maruti.
To get the benefit of the gross, manifest and destroyer element, we should avoid installing an idol of Maruti in a seated posture. Amongst the seven higher Deities (Shiva, Ganapati, Shrī Rama, Shrīkrushṇa, Datta, Maruti and Shrī Durga), Maruti's Principle (tattva) is of gross, manifest and destroyer nature. The word 'Hanuman' (Maruti) means - "One whose 'roar' cannot be fathomed even by Deities." When Deities are on a destructive mission, they use the 'Maruti' element (which moves at the speed of wind) as a medium to appear in the Universe. Hence He is referred to as Maruti. Māruti means the one, who with the help of His wind Principle, compels the Deities to get manifested (moort) in the Universe, for the welfare of their devotees. The roar of Maruti is capable of activating the element of any higher Deity in the Universe, engrossed in deep meditation. Similarly, it also possesses the power to shake all the fourteen planes (saptalok and saptapaataal).
Maruti, in a seated posture, depicts the unmanifest form of energy. Maruti, in a warrior posture (Veeraasan) depicts the manifest form of energy. To obtain benefit of the gross, manifest and destroyer Principle we should avoid installing a seated idol of Maruti on the altar. Maruti in a seated position, implies He is in deep meditation, wherein His motor organs are in a dormant, inactive state. Thus, a common man will be able to derive very little benefit from this posture of Maruti. Only when the spiritual level** of an embodied soul is above 60%, is he capable of activating the element present in an idol in meditation, through his devotion.
* Based on Divine knowledge received by seekers doing sādhana as per Gurukrupāyoga.
To know more about this Divine knowledge please visit the about us section of this website.
**Ref: Spiritual Science Research Foundation - Levels of spiritual evolvement
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