Achieving progressive control over the organs of speech, body and mind is moun (silence). According to the Path of Devotion (Bhaktimarg), â€˜forgetting to speak as a result of remaining engrossed in contemplation of Godâ€™, is the real silence.
By closing four out of the five sense organs (viz. eyes, nose, ears and tongue) the perception of external stimuli decreases and tranquility of the mind is facilitated.â€™ At that time if one concentrates on the rhythm of respiration (chanting a mantra along with it) then one begins to slip into meditation.
Usually breathing occurs for about an hour through the right nostril. Then for two to four minutes through both the nostrils. Then again through the left nostril for an hour and later for two to four minutes through both. Then again through the right nostril. This cycle goes on continuously. By practising anulom-vilom pranayam one gradually gets used to breathing through both nostrils.
Muscles of the eyelids and respiration are supplied by both the voluntary and involuntary nervous systems. If one makes efforts to decrease voluntary movements of these muscles by doing tratak and pranayam then their involuntary movements too can gradually be decreased and brought under control.
With practice of pranayam one gets used to concentrating on breathing. Since one gets used to concentrating on breathing, when it becomes rapid one immediately becomes aware of it. This implies that indirectly one becomes aware that either thoughts have increased or emotions are being aroused.
If one restricts the experiencing of object pleasure then one gets time for the study (spiritual practice) of unlimited happiness (Bliss). To achieve this while experiencing happiness within the limits of Righteousness, one should remain more and more bound by limitations.
Hatha means obstinacy or forcefulness. Hathayoga (Path of Deliberate Rigour) means gradually increasing the ability of the physical body to endure stress by forcefully inflicting different kinds of stresses on it.
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