Description: This article clarifies doubts about the various rituals performed during Diwali.
- 1 Introduction
- 1.1 Why do we light earthen lamps during Diwali?*
- 1.2 Is it necessary to light lamps inside as well as outside all around the house?*
- 1.3 Why lighting lamps in the evening is beneficial than after doing the puja?*
- 1.4 Why one should bathe early in the morning (bramha-muhurt) during Diwali?*
- 1.5 Why lighting candles instead of oil lamps is not suitable during Diwali?*
- 1.6 Spiritual perspective about drawing rangolī*
- 1.7 Spiritual perspective about building a fort during Diwali*
Diwali is celebrated on four consecutive days – the thirteenth (Dhantrayodashī), the fourteenth (Narak Chaturdashī) and the new moon day (Amāvasyā – Lakshmīpūjān) of the dark fortnight of Āshwin and the first day of the bright fortnight of Kārtik (Balipratipadā).
During the four months preceding Diwali (festival of lights), the Absolute fire principle (Tēj tattva) is almost absent in the atmosphere. Due to this, the Demons (in the earlier Eras) used to dominate and trouble the people. In order to effectively counter the threats from Demons, Diwali, a worship based on the Absolute fire principle was celebrated. In other words, Diwali stands for the destruction of the distressing elements that dominate the environment. Every day of Diwali represents the conquest of good over evil, piousness over immorality and virtue over vice.
Shrīkrushṇa liberated the troubled masses from immorality, greed and bad tendencies by slaying the demon Narakasur, who was an icon of demonic attitude. Diwali symbolises this conquest of Divine thoughts over evil tendencies. Unfortunately, today, Diwali is celebrated just as a cultural festival which is devoid of an understanding of its spiritual context.
In this article, let us try to understand the spiritual science underlying the rituals performed during Diwali. This article also answers the Frequently asked Questions about Diwali.
Why do we light earthen lamps during Diwali?*
The flame of the lamp has the destroyer principle (mārak tattva) which destroys the negative vibrations in the atmosphere. Due to lighting lamps throughout the house, a subtle Divine protective sheath of circular waves of the absolute fire principle (Tēj tattva) emanating from the lamps is formed all around the house. The protective sheath created by the lit lamps cleanses the house at the spiritual level and destroys all negative energies inside the house.
Is it necessary to light lamps inside as well as outside all around the house?*
It is not necessary to light lamps inside, outside and all around the house. If the house has a front and back door then two lamps should be placed outside on both sides of each door. When we enter the house, the negative vibrations also enter the house through the doors. Due to placing the lamps on both sides of the door, these negative vibrations are destroyed by the destroyer (Mārak) absolute fire principle (Tēj tattva) of the lamps.
As the absolute fire principle of the lamps spreads rapidly in the surroundings, the house as well as the atmosphere outside the house also gets cleansed by these lamps. Therefore, it is not necessary to light more lamps outside the house.
In some cases, one may not able to light lamps inside or outside the house due to some of the following reasons –
- Fire and smoke hazards
- If one lives in an apartment, where there is only one main door, it becomes difficult to keep lamps
- Centrally heated or cooled systems in the house
- Extreme weather conditions outside the house, such as snow, heavy winds, storm, hurricane, etc.
- Local Council’s regulations
When there are such conditions, then one can light the lamps inside the house near the altar. One can have bhāv(spiritual emotion) that one is performing the rituals as mentioned in the Scriptures.
Why lighting lamps in the evening is beneficial than after doing the puja?*
During Diwali, many people light lamps immediately after doing ritualistic worship of God (puja). Instead, one should light lamps in the evening because the Goddess’ destroyer principle is fully active in the evening. When lamps are lit in the evening, the spiritually pure (Sāttvik) nature of the lamps attracts Goddess Lakshmī’s Divine destroyer principle. As a result, the absolute fire principle of the lamps is able to cleanse the house from negative energies. The house also gets blessed with Goddess Lakshmi’s Divine vibrations through the medium of the lamps, as their flame has the capacity to attract Goddess Lakshmi’s Divine vibrations.
Why one should bathe early in the morning (bramha-muhurt) during Diwali?*
During Diwali by taking a bath early in the morning (bramha-muhurt), the embodied soul follows a tradition followed by the Gods Themselves. By adhering to this tradition of the Gods, the embodied soul benefits in the following way:
- Mental purity, piety and calm nature is developed
As the mind is stable during the early morning hours (bramha-muhurt), one can easily imbibe the impressions of purity, piety and innocence by taking a bath at this time. As a result the nature of the individual becomes spiritually pure (Sattvik).
- Ability to attract and absorb the Divine principle is greatly enhanced
At bramha-muhurt the Divine waves of Deities are more active on the earth. The Deities principles are attracted towards the embodied soul by the act of taking a bath at that time. Hence, with the help of the gross and subtle impressions created through the bath, the embodied soul is able to receive maximum amount of Divine consciousness (Chaitanya) and Deities’ principles being emitted at bramha-muhurt.
- Developing an ability to perceive and receive knowledge from the Divine realm
By bathing at bramha-muhurt, the embodied soul (jīva) prepares itself with the impressions of purity, piety and innocence. Through these impressions the embodied soul can receive the Divine energies of resolve, desire and action along with the energy of knowledge and it helps him to become one with God.
Why lighting candles instead of oil lamps is not suitable during Diwali?*
In today’s modern society, since many people do not understand the importance of earthen lamps; they succumb to the desire for fame and competition, deviate from the Divine norms of spiritual science and light various different kinds of candles. Following are the consequences of lighting candles during Diwali:
Earthen lamp (panati)
|Constituent element||Inducing carnal thoughts (made up of wax)||Spiritually pure (Sattvik) soil with air principle – good for instilling a Sattvik atmosphere.|
|Subtle basic component||Tama-Raja||Raja-Sattva|
|Proportion purity (Sattvikta)||3||10|
|Form of absolute fire principle||Absent||Destroyer|
|Aura around the light||Circular representing the insentient, rigid principle (jada-tattva).||Like waves|
|Receiving Divine vibrations||No||Yes|
|Principle that gets attracted||Harmful vibrations of a sorcerer or frequencies from hell and other negative energies||Divine vibrations of Deities.|
- Candle light attracts distressing negative energies
As the candle is Tama-Raja predominant, the light of a candle attracts distressing negative energies from the atmosphere. Also, the subtle smell of a candle has the capacity to attract sorcerers from the seventh region of hell. As candle light attracts distressing vibrations, it also acts as a medium of further propagating these negative vibrations in the environment. Therefore, it is incorrect to light candles during Diwali.
- Form of the candle and its capacity to attract distressing elements
Along with the usual pillar candle, there are various shapes and forms of candles available today. They all have the potential to attract tremendous amount of distressing elements. These energies take advantage of the shape and form of the candle and further induce and propagate themselves in the environment. Thus, spaces that are originally not impacted by negative energies become plagued by them, through the candles.
- Using electrical lights for decoration during Diwali
Similar principles apply when we use electrical lights instead of the oil lamps. Hence, to obtain maximum spiritual benefits, it is important to use oil lamps instead of any other type of lamps.
Spiritual perspective about drawing rangolī*
While cleaning the floor with a broom or smearing the floor with cow-dung, subtle lines get drawn over the floor. As these lines are uneven, vibrations coming out from them are also uneven and not conducive for our body, eyes and mind. To nullify these uneven vibrations and thereby create a positive Divine overall effect, Holy drawings such as rangolis are drawn on the floor.
- Why only women should draw rangoli?
As women have the capacity to absorb the subtle principles easily, especially during Holy ceremonies or festivals, they should draw rangoli. Also, they are more sensitive towards drawing rangoli that creates subtle vibrations associated with specific Divine principles. Through them, the Divine principle can quickly and effectively associate itself with the rangoli and benefit everyone around. Over a period of time, the anāhat chakra of the woman can also get activated thereby increasing her capacity to further absorb the Divine consciousness.
- Why should a rangoli of specific Divine principle be drawn?
While worshipping a specific Deity it is most beneficial to draw a rangoli associated with that Deity. Such a rangoli attracts and retains the unmanifest principle of that Deity and benefits everyone in the vicinity. The Divine principle of that Deity starts getting transmitted to the embodied soul.
- Why is turmeric – vermillion (haldī–kumkum) offered to the rangoli?
The white color of the rangoli attracts the subtle Divine waves towards it. However, the white color symbolises the inert aspect of the sustenance principle. The vermillion (kum-kum) activates Shree Ganesh principle and the turmeric activates Goddess Durgā dēvī’s principle in the rangoli. Both of these principles energise and activate the inert Divine principle attracted towards the rangoli and give it the desired momentum to spread in the environment and destroy the negative and polluted elements.
Spiritual perspective about building a fort during Diwali*
A fort is a manifest consolidation of the subtle energy separating us and God. Through the process of building a fort, the mind and intellect of the individual gets Divine Energy. The fort also acts as a Divine reserve of the absolute subtle energy that both the embodied soul and the society draw upon.
Why kids build the fort?
Kids have God-like innocence: It is said that kids are a form of God; because their minds are pure, pious and have not yet accumulated gross impressions of this world. The embodied soul that has just taken birth has the maximum proportion of the Divine principle. The soul is more awakened in the newborn stage and hence it controls the actions more than any other subtle sheath (kosh). Because of this, kids cry or throw tantrums when they are in places that have negative energy problems, whereas they are peaceful or in bliss when the atmosphere is positive. Till 4-5 years of age this state is retained up to 30%. Till 10-11 years of age this state is retained up to 10%. After this age, the intellect is awakened and the Divinity is further diluted. The embodied soul starts acting as per his own intellect. However, till 11 years of age, the young embodied soul (jīva) has God-like innocence as the actions are controlled by the soul (jīvātmā).
Kids represent the Divine principle and have the capability to absorb energy from positive and creative universal forces. Therefore it is said that “kids are a reflection of God.”
Because of this if kids build the fort, it emits Divine consciousness (chaitanya).
- Why are forts built outside the house?
A house is a symbolic representation of God’s Divine Kingdom: therefore, building a fort in front of the house is like a putting up a defensive barrier that is representative of the protective aspect of the absolute Divine principle.
A fort also represents a reservoir of evil admonishing, warrior-spirit energy; which is one of the aspects of God’s Divine destroyer energy. When a fort is built outside of a house it is a complete symbolic representation of God’s Divine principle through the basic law of spiritual science; word, touch, form, taste, smell and its associated energy, coexist. Due to this, people living inside such a house get the capacity to absorb and retain God’s protective energy within them.
When the fort is built near the house, it acts like a conductor of the secondary absolute fire principle waves. These waves develop a protective sheath enveloping the entire house thus preventing negative energies from entering the house.
A house also represents and signifies prosperity. When a fort is built outside of the house and an idol of a person such as Chhatrapati Shivaji Mahārāj, who represents the Divine warrior-spirit energy, is established over the fort, it establishes a Divine unity that protects the house and members of the household. (Just like a house, whenever a nation is attacked, its wealth, both material and spiritual, starts to decline).
How does a fort protect the house?
During the four months, Āshādha, Shrāvan, Bhādrapad and Ashwin (Chaturmas) of the Hindu lunar calendar, since the protective absolute fire principle is less prevalent, negative energies slowly start becoming more and more dominant. By the time of Diwali these energies become more aggressive and troublesome. The forts, built during Diwali, act as storehouses of the destroyer energy, diluting the effects and attacks of the negative energies by forming a Divine protective circle of the destroyer energy outside of the house itself.
* Based on Divine knowledge received by some seekers doing sādhanā (spiritual practice) as per Gurukrupāyoga (Path of Guru’s grace).