After blowing the conch, the Aarti (Āratī) should be sung. There are certain factors which are necessary to perform an Aarti and thereby increase the bhāv (spiritual emotion) and sāttviktā
Some main factors on how to do Aarti in a spiritually correct way :
Spiritual emotion of the one singing the Aarti
The Aarti should be sung with the bhav that ‘God Himself is standing in front and we are calling out to Him earnestly’.
The more bhav one has while singing the Aarti for God, the more enriched with bhav and Sattva predominant the Arati will become. Such an Arati will reach God faster. Individuals singing an Arati in this manner benefit as follows: The greater the collective bhav of the group singing the Arati, greater is the extent and period of preservation of the frequencies of Chaitanya (Divine consciousness) of Deities in the environment, thus leading to a reduction in the distress from negative energies and in gaining the benefit of Chaitanya. Every embodied soul should make an effort to perform the Arati with bhav. Also as a covering is formed on the ground by these Sattva predominant vibrations, which stops the transmission of distressing frequencies from the negative subtle regions, the worshipper’s embodied soul benefits the most from the Chaitanya. Thus during the Arati the worshipper’s gross and subtle bodies get purified and this results in his faster spiritual evolution. (Divine knowledge received through the medium of Mrs Anjali Gadgil, 5th June 2005, 6.33 p.m.)
All of us do not necessarily have a good level of bhav. To enable even those having low bhav to perform Arati with increased bhav, Sanatan Sanstha has produced an audio cassette and CD in Marathi called ‘Collection of Aratis and Omkārsādhanā‘. The collection includes regular Arati of Shree Ganapati, Deity Shiva, Shrīrām, Shrīkrushna, Deity Datta, Deity Māruti and Shrī Durgādēvi. These Aratis have been sung by Mrs Anjali Gadgil, a seeker of Sanatan Sanstha who has a high level of bhav, and other seekers. The Aratis are enriched with bhav, sattvikta and Chaitanya. According to the spiritual principle that ‘the word, touch, form, taste, odour and the energy related to them, all coexist’, if worshippers sing the Aratis in the manner sung by these seekers with bhav, then it will help awaken bhav in them too at a faster pace.
Pronunciation and the technique of singing
Pronunciation while singing Aratis should be correct as per the science of Spirituality. The sattvikta and Chaitanya generated from the words in the Arati depend on its pronunciation, speed of singing and also pronouncing the words either together or separately. To illustrate how the Sattva component gets affected an example is given here: A line in Shrikrushna’s Arati is as follows – Dhwajavajrānkush bridāchā todar.
This can be sung in two ways.
Method 1: Here ‘da‘ in the word ‘bridacha‘ is stretched.
Method 2: (Dhwajavajrankush bridacha todar)
Here ‘cha‘ in the word ‘bridacha‘ is stretched.
By uttering the word ‘bridacha‘ in an even tone without any change in rhythm, the Sattva component generated is 100%. However when singing the Arati, since there is a restriction of the rhythm, one has to sing it by stretching a specific alphabet in a word. When it is uttered as in method 1, 80% of sattvikta is generated from it. When uttered by method 2, only 60% Sattva component is generated. This illustrates the importance of correct pronunciation of every word in any song. Only if the pronunciation is correct will it awaken bhav. If an alphabet in the middle of a word is stretched then the last alphabet in the word has the capacity to bind the sound frequencies created by prolonging the middle alphabet. That is how words generate more Chaitanya, which also lasts longer. In contrast, if the last alphabet in a word is prolonged, then as there is no alphabet after it, the sound frequencies created are not held together, instead, they disperse into the atmosphere immediately. The Chaitanya in such words lasts only for a moment and one does not derive the desired benefit from the Sattva component in it. That is why it is more beneficial to prolong the middle alphabet than the last one in a word. In the advanced stage of spiritual progress, singing a song in an even tone bestows more inner bliss and serenity than singing a song with rhythmic changes. (Divine knowledge received through the medium of Mrs Anjali Gadgil, 19th January 2004, 10.59 a.m.) (The audio-cassette and CD – ‘Collection of Aratis and Omkar sadhana‘ produced by Sanatan Sanstha will be very useful in learning how to pronounce the words. It is also beneficial to learn the manner in which some of the regular Aratis should be sung so that they become Sattva predominant.)
Singing the Aratis after understanding their meaning
The Aratis should be sung after understanding their meaning. Most of the Aratis have been composed by Saints and evolved devotees; at times, it is difficult to understand the meaning of such Aratis. Singing the Arati after understanding its meaning helps in an early awakening of bhav towards Deities.
(When the bhav of a worshipper is awakened, he is able to imbibe the Chaitanya emanating from Supreme God with a resultant increase in his enthusiasm. – Compilers)