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Significance of Gudi Padwa – Hindu New Year

1. Introduction

The Holy festival which marks the beginning of the New Year, new month and new day for Hindus, falls on Chaitra Shukla Pratipadā (the first day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra). It is known as Gudī padwa (Maharashtra) or Yugaadi (Ugādi) (Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh) in India. On this very day Deity Brahmā created the Universe. Therefore for Hindus, this day carries special importance. The day is celebrated with an auspicious bath, followed by decorating the main door with a garland (toran), performing ritualistic worship and hoisting the DharmaDhwaj or Gudhi (flag).

2. Significance of Gudi padwa

The word Padwa is derived from two syllables, Pad + Vaa.

Pad – Means tending towards perfection or maturity.

Vaa – In spirituality, the word ‘Vaa‘ indicates that which increases growth.

Deity Brahmā dēv‘s creation of the universe i.e. a complete picture of the universe when ready, is pad. Later more was added or some alterations were made, so as to make the universe more beautiful and perfect. Therefore, the day on which Deity Brahma perfected the creation of the universe is called padva. When the hoisting of the DharmaDhwaj was added to the celebrations, this day came to be known as Gudi padwa.

3. Scriptural view of Gudi padwa (Chaitra Shukla Pratipada)

After every cosmic vibration a new universe is created, that day is Gudi padwa

Initially Earth was entirely covered by water. Then, at the beginning of what we now call summer, the Sun Deity started His penance. His radiance increased manifold due to the power of his penance. When the Sun Deity finished His penance, one fourth of the water on Earth had been evaporated. The time taken for that is called the summer season now. Thereafter the Sun Deity reverted to His original state i.e. the amount of heat became progressively less. As the water evaporated, it released a number of different gases which formed the atmosphere. Then, on the same day, from the interior of the earth, green land laden with trees and vines, rose up smoothly. Thus, the day on which Deity Brahma created the Universe, is known as Gudi padwa.

4. Significance of the special DharmaDhwaj**

On this day a small round pot is inverted and kept on top of a bamboo stick. This is ritualistically worshipped and hoisted as a flag which is known as the DharmaDhwaj (as shown in the picture). The stick represents the spine and the pot represents the human head. The bamboo also has ‘vertebrae,’ like the human spine. In the human body, the head, which is of the shape of zero and the spine (vertebral column), are important organs. Another representation is the sperm of a human being which similar to the shape of the number one (1) in Devnagari script.

The implied meaning of the components of the DharmaDhwaj**

DharmaDhwaj Man
1. The inverted pot Head
2. Stick Part of the body below the neck

5. The ideal time to hoist the DharmaDhwaj*

On this day the Prajāpati frequencies and absolute fire element (Tējtattva) are active on a large scale. The Divine consciousness (Chaitanya) transmitted through these frequencies at the time of sunrise, is long lasting. It is stored in the cells of an individual and is utilized later, as per ones need. Therefore, the flag should be hoisted and worshipped within 5 to 10 minutes following sunrise.

6. Importance of the substances used for hoisting the DharmaDhwaj*

Importance of mango leaves:

The proportion of the spiritually pure (Sattva) component is more in mango leaves compared to other leaves and hence they have more capacity to attract the Divine principle. The mango leaves are tied at the tip of the flag. Tender mango leaves are recommended rather than fully mature ones as the capacity of the tender leaves to attract Divine frequencies is 30% compared to 10% in mature leaves. The absolute fire element principle is also more in tender leaves and hence they should be the ones used in ritualistic worship.

Importance of neem leaves:

A garland of neem leaves is put around the flag. Neem represents the frequencies of the spiritually pure component (Sattva). They are next only to mango leaves in attracting the Divine principle. The Prajapati frequencies present in the atmosphere are attracted through the tender neem leaves on this day. We receive the Prajapati frequencies in a subtle form through the medium of neem leaves.

* Divine knowledge received by seekers doing sādhanā per Gurukrupāyoga.

To know more about this Dvine knowledge please visit the about us section of this website.

**Ref: Shree Ganēsh AdhyātmaDarshan, page 47 by H. H. ParsharamMadhavPande


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