June 2, 2013
Vaishakha Krushna Dashami, Kaliyug Varsha 5115
“Even if one were to make ink by making the powder of Black Mountain in the sea & were to make a pen of the branches of the (KALPATRU) wish fulfilling tree & (SARASWATI) deity of knowledge were to write down list of the qualities of the lord, the description would remain incomplete.”
That language constitutes an important aspect of a people’s cultural heritage cannot be denied. It represents a good part of nation’s intellectual attainments & reflects to a large extent view of the world. It is therefore not surprising why a nation’s intellectual should be concerned about preserving their languages for the posterity.
There is no iota of any doubt that Sanskrit is mother of all languages & its literature one of the oldest in the world is diadem of all. In fact, Sanskrit is a language for humanity & not merely means of communication within a society. Literature in Sanskrit begins with the Vedas and continues with the Sanskrit epics of Iron Age India. The oldest surviving literature of the world viz. The Vedas encompasses knowledge in virtually every sphere of human activity. The golden age of classical Sanskrit literature dates to late antiquity. The fact that many profound principles relating to human existence were given expression through Sanskrit continues to amaze those who study it. A Sanskrit scholar understands the world better than the others.
Sanskrit has molded the minds of our people to the extent to which they themselves are not conscious. Sanskrit literature is national in one sense but its purpose has been universal. That was why it commanded the attention of people who were not followers of a particular culture. It is like river Ganges for the languages & if it is dried up, the regional languages also would lose their vitality & power.
There is no inclusion of abusive words in the great language except only one word ‘MUDH’ (Mad) which can be remotely considered as bad word ! The well cultredness of the language gets absorbed in the citizens who use it; one wishes to say that, learn Sanskrit & be well cultured (SUSANSKRIT). It helps us to get to heart in intimate sense of our own culture & establish a vivid continuity between the still living power of past & yet uncreated power of our future.
The Sanskrit language is based on root syllables & words: every word in Sanskrit is derived from a root. It is well accepted fact that all Indo-European languages have a common origin. On the basis of the above mentioned facts that all the words in Sanskrit are traceable to specific roots, a feature not seen in other languages. One can presume that Sanskrit is most certainly the origin of all others.
In it are enshrined our ancient culture, religion & philosophy. A large part of the rich literature, however, has been destroyed & many of its masterpieces have come down to us in fragments. Much to our chagrin, knowledge of the creators of this great literature is rather meager & uncertain too. It is partly due to extraordinary humility of Sanskrit writes who never wrote about their lives. Consequently many of the masterpieces are shrouded in a haze of mystery & dust. Literary production saw a late bloom of this great language in the 11th century before declining after 11th AD. There are contemporary efforts towards revival, with events like the “All-India Sanskrit Festival since 2002, which is holding composition contests.”
Given its extensive use in religious literature primarily in Hinduism and the fact most modern Indian languages have been directly derived from or strongly influenced by Sanskrit. The language and its literature is of great importance in Indian culture akin to that Greek and Latin in European culture. Some Sanskrit literature such as Yoga-Sutras of Pantanjali and the Upanishads were translated into Arabic and Persian.
The popular belief that Sanskrit is now moribund language & that Sanskrit literature has entered into come stage well before the beginning of 20th century is a mistaken nation. It is still living & growing in several ways.
Apart from continuing as a source of inspiration for modern Indian literature, new works in Sanskrit are being steadily produced. A great deal of research is being done as a result of which a large number of unstudied manuscripts have been unearthed. Soon people will be able to access old Sanskrit manuscript, books on net.
Many of us believe that new discoveries have overtaken Sanskrit. But to speak the truth the concept of zero & Metric system came from India. Scientists have used these concepts to create new horizons. But the old Sanskrit texts speak of even more advanced things that our modern scientist can only dream of this moment. Literature in Sanskrit continues to be produced despite its relative neglect by both Sanskritists and non-Sanskritists. Since 1967 the Sahitya Academy India’s national academy of letters had an award for the best creative work written that year in Sanskrit. In 2009 Satyavrat Shastri became the first Sanskrit author to win the Jnanpith Award India’s highest literary award.
Source: Speaking Tree